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Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is a common condition that causes the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood to become too high. It's caused by problems with a chemical in the body called insulin and it's often linked to being overweight or inactive, or having a family history of Type 2 Diabetes.

Why is physical activity important for Type 2 Diabetes?

Whether you are looking to reduce your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes or you have already been diagnosed and are looking for ways to help manage your condition, physical activity is extremely important.

Keeping active has a number of health benefits for those with, or at risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Most importantly, it helps you to control your weight and manage your blood sugar level.

How physical activity can help prevent Type 2 Diabetes

If you are currently inactive and lead a sedentary lifestyle (i.e. you spend long periods of time sitting down), you are at high risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Examples of a sedentary behaviours include:

  • Working at a desk for long periods without standing up
  • Sitting down while studying at school or home
  • Sitting or lying down while watching television or playing video games
  • Sitting while driving a vehicle, or while travelling

Maintaining a physically active lifestyle is therefore key to preventing Type 2 Diabetes. Regular activity not only helps you to maintain a healthy weight (being overweight is a key risk factor for diabetes), but it can also help reduce your blood pressure and manage stress, which can in turn help with your sleep.

For more information about how moving more can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, visit the Diabetes UK website below

How much physical activity should you be doing?

If you're looking to reduce your risk of diabetes or manage your current condition, you should aim to take part in the recommended amount of physical activity for your age group, as outlined in the Recommended Activity Guidelines

If you have already been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, regular physical activity can be a major part of your treatment. There are many benefits of being physically active with diabetes, such as:

  • It helps the body use insulin better
  • It helps you to improve your HBA1c (your average blood glucose/sugar levels)
  • It helps you to control your blood pressure (having high blood pressure means you're more at risk of diabetes complications)
  • It helps you to maintain a healthy weight (being overweight can lead to further diabetes complications)
  • It helps to improve cholesterol (blood fats) to help protect against other problems like heart disease
  • It gives you energy and helps you sleep
  • It benefits your mind as well as your body – exercise releases endorphins, which help to reduce your stress levels and improve your mood

To help you get started on an exercise programme you could get 121 support from a Exercise Professional as part of the Activity on Referral Scheme

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